- What did female convicts do?
- How many hours a day did convicts work?
- What punishments did convicts get on the First Fleet?
- What jobs did convicts have?
- When were convicts last sent to Tasmania?
- When did the last convict die?
- Who was the most famous convict?
- How many lashes did convicts get?
- What did convicts do in their free time?
- Who was the youngest person on the First Fleet?
- What did convicts eat on ships?
- What did female convicts eat?
- How were convicts treated on ships?
- How many babies were born on the first fleet?
What did female convicts do?
Convict women were employed in domestic service, washing and on government farms, and were expected to find their own food and lodging.
Punishment for those who transgressed was humiliating and public.
Exile itself was considered a catalyst for reform..
How many hours a day did convicts work?
ten hoursConvict work parties were used to build public works and buildings throughout the colony. Work parties worked up to ten hours a day, each convict linked to his companions by a long length of chain.
What punishments did convicts get on the First Fleet?
Throughout the convict era, ‘flogging’ (whipping) convicts with a cat-o’-nine-tails was a common punishment for convicts who broke the rules. In Australia today, flogging a prisoner with a whip or keeping them locked in a dark cell for a long period of time is not an acceptable form of punishment.
What jobs did convicts have?
Convicts were a source of labour to build roads, bridges, courthouses, hospitals and other public buildings, or to work on government farms, while educated convicts may have been given jobs such as record-keeping for the government administration. Female convicts, on the other hand, were generally employed as domestic …
When were convicts last sent to Tasmania?
The last convict ship, the Hougoumont, left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Western Australia on 10 January 1868. In all, about 164,000 convicts were transported to the Australian colonies between 1788 and 1868 onboard 806 ships.
When did the last convict die?
The Western Australian records we’ve been using for our recent research and digitised for the Digital Panopticon project reveal the story of Samuel Speed, the last living Australian convict. He was transported to Western Australia in 1866 and died in 1938, just short of his 100th birthday.
Who was the most famous convict?
Famous or Notable Australian ConvictsNameDate of BirthFleetMary Bryant1765First Fleet, 1788William Bryant1757First Fleet, 1788William Buckley1776Convicts After the Third FleetMartin Cash1808Convicts After the Third Fleet12 more rows
How many lashes did convicts get?
Usually convicts would received 25 or 50 lashes. They even had terms, like 25 lashes was known as a ‘tickler’. That was the minimum punishment. But often, punishments would include 100, or 150; sometimes 300 lashes.
What did convicts do in their free time?
Convicts played cards or games like chess or draughts that required different sorts of tokens, many of which were handmade. These might have been carved from animal bones (perhaps saved from dinner) or pieces of ceramic and wood they found, or cast in lead.
Who was the youngest person on the First Fleet?
John HudsonJohn Hudson, described as ‘sometimes a chimney sweeper’, was the youngest known convict to sail with the First Fleet. Voyaging on board the Friendship to NSW, the boy thief was 13 years old on arrival at Sydney Cove.
What did convicts eat on ships?
Convicts ate bread,hardtack,salted beef or pork,peas,oatmeal,butter,cheese. They also ate rise,fruit,vegetables.
What did female convicts eat?
Convicts called their midday meal ‘dinner’, and they often returned from their worksites to eat it at 1pm. It was usually 450 grams of salted meat (either mutton or beef), cooked again into a stew, and some bread.
How were convicts treated on ships?
Convicts were taken aboard in chains and shackles. … On some ships, in the early days, convicts were kept below most of the time. In many cases they were restrained in chains and were only allowed on deck for fresh air and exercise. The cramped, unhygienic conditions on the convict ships were very difficult.
How many babies were born on the first fleet?
It is estimated there were about 50 children on the First Fleet when it arrived at Botany Bay. Over 20 children were born at sea during the eight-month voyage.