Quick Answer: How Is Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosed In A Child?

How does Type 1 diabetes affect a child?

Symptoms.

Because your child has type 1 diabetes, he or she will experience high and low blood sugar levels from time to time.

High blood sugar usually develops slowly over hours or days, so you can treat the symptoms before they become severe and require medical attention..

What are the warning signs of childhood diabetes?

If you believe your child has diabetes, keep an eye out for these six symptoms:Excessive fatigue. If your child seems extraordinarily tired or sleepy, changes in blood sugar may be affecting their energy levels.Frequent urination. … Excessive thirst. … Increased hunger. … Slow-healing sores. … Darkened skin.

Do Type 1 diabetics need a special diet?

Maintaining a healthy diet is important for type 1 diabetes management. A type 1 diabetes diet is designed to provide maximum nutrition, while also monitoring intake of carbohydrates, protein, and fat. However, there’s no single universal diabetes diet.

What are the 3 most common symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes?

Symptoms You Should Know and a Prevention PlanLosing weight without trying to.Blurred vision.Slow healing sores.Frequent infections.Tingling in your hands or feet.Red, swollen, or tender gums.Chronically dry, itchy skin.Patches of darkened skin in the folds and creases of your body.More items…•

Can a child get diabetes from eating too much sugar?

While type 2 diabetes can be related to gaining too much weight, it’s not eating sugar alone that causes the condition. Any child who doesn’t get enough activity and eats too many unhealthy foods, sugary or not, may be at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes, especially if they gain weight.

At what age can a child be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed before the age of 40, although occasionally people have been diagnosed later after an illness causes an immune response that triggers it. In the US, most type 1 diabetes diagnoses occur in children between the ages of 4 and 14 years old.

What triggers type 1 diabetes?

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Usually, the body’s own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet, or islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas.

What is the life expectancy of a Type 1 diabetic?

The investigators found that men with type 1 diabetes had an average life expectancy of about 66 years, compared with 77 years among men without it. Women with type 1 diabetes had an average life expectancy of about 68 years, compared with 81 years for those without the disease, the study found.

How do you test for juvenile diabetes?

DiagnosisRandom blood sugar test. This is the primary screening test for type 1 diabetes. … Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This test indicates your child’s average blood sugar level for the past three months. … Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample is taken after your child fasts overnight.

How long can type 1 diabetes go untreated?

It’s most likely to show up 15 to 25 years after the onset of diabetes. It can lead to other serious problems like kidney failure and heart disease. Poor blood circulation and nerve damage. Damaged nerves and hardened arteries lead to a loss of sensation in and a lack of blood supply to your feet.

What can a child eat with type 1 diabetes?

Steer your child toward complex carbs such as vegetables and whole grains. They have vitamins and minerals that will keep them healthy, and fiber, which helps control blood sugar levels. Try to stay away from simple carbs, like white bread and pasta and other processed grains, candy and frosting.

What should Type 1 diabetics avoid?

Sugar and processed carbohydrates make blood sugar rise and fall quickly. Limit how much and how often you eat foods high in sugar and processed carbohydrate, such as: Chips. Crackers.

What is a good snack for a Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes Snacks HelpTrail mix (over the age of two)Low fat string cheese.Melon balls (make people out of them with toothpicks)Carrots or cucumbers with a tablespoon of ranch (little added zing)Grapes (frozen grapes are great in the summer)Apple wedges.Rice cakes with all natural fruit spread or peanut butter.More items…

Can Type 1 diabetes come on suddenly?

Type 1 diabetes may come on gradually or suddenly. But kids or teens who develop type 1 diabetes may: Need to pee a lot. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the blood by flushing out the extra glucose in urine (pee).

What famous person has Type 1 diabetes?

Nick Jonas. This singer went public with his type 1 diabetes in 2007. He has said that his symptoms included weight loss and thirst. When diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, his blood sugar was over 700 — and normal blood sugar levels are from 70 to 120.

Can you be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes (previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes) is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but it can develop at any age. Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2—approximately 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1.