What Does Head Circumference Indicate?

What is normal head circumference at birth?

The average head circumference at birth is about 13.5 in.

(34.5 cm)..

What causes baby big head?

Benign familial macrocephaly is an inherited condition. It happens in families predisposed to having larger heads. Sometimes there is a problem with the brain, such as hydrocephalus or excess fluid. Underlying conditions will require treatment.

What does a large head circumference indicate?

Children with macrocephaly have a head circumference (the measurement around the widest part of the head) that is greater than the 98th percentile. Sometimes a large head means that there is a problem in the brain which might require surgery.

When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?

For a doctor to diagnose macrocephaly, the measurement of the head around its widest part needs to be larger than the 98th percentile. Macrocephaly may sometimes be a sign of an underlying condition that requires treatment. In other cases, it may occur due to genetics, including a family history of macrocephaly.

Does head circumference indicate intelligence?

At 8 years, head circumference at birth was no longer associated with IQ, but head growth during infancy remained a significant predictor, with full-scale IQ increasing an average of 1.56 points for each 1-SD increase in growth.

What is a normal size baby head?

The average newborn’s head measures 13 3/4 in (35 cm) Generally, a newborn’s head is about half the baby’s body length in cm plus 10 cm. So a baby that is 18 inches long would be 45.7 centimeters (18 x 2.54). His or her head would be about 32.9 cm or a little under 13 inches.

Are big head babies smarter?

The study found that babies with a head circumference of 12.5 inches to 14 inches were more likely to be smarter when they grew up. Intelligence later in life was shown by achievements such as earning a college degree or scoring higher on verbal or numerical reasoning tests.

Does a small head always mean microcephaly?

Microcephaly is a birth defect in which a baby’s head is smaller than expected, compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t have problems other than small head size.

Should I worry if my baby has a small head?

Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.

What does head size indicate?

He says measuring the size of the head does give some indication of how big the brain is. Hurlburt: Even though head size also depends on factors such as the muscularity of the head and thickness of the bone, it’s very likely that a bigger head means a bigger brain.

What happens if head circumference is small?

Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …

Why do doctors measure head circumference?

Measuring head circumference helps doctors track the brain’s growth as the skull bones fuse together. It’s normal for a baby’s head size to seem disproportionate to her height and weight. The usual explanation is genetics: If a baby’s parents have big heads, the baby will probably have one too.

What is the normal head circumference?

Data Table of Infant Head Circumference-for-age ChartsAge (in months)3rd Percentile Head Circumference (in centimeters)97th Percentile Head Circumference (in centimeters)031.4876238.854170.533.2500640.100281.535.7812641.941382.537.558843.2818134 more rows

Why is my head smaller than normal?

The growth of the skull is determined by brain growth. Brain growth takes place while a baby is in the womb and during infancy. Conditions that affect brain growth can cause smaller than normal head size. These include infections, genetic disorders, and severe malnutrition.

Are big heads genetic?

Summary: The size of children’s heads is not only related to the growth of their skull, but also their brain. A genome-wide analysis now reports the largest known genetic effects on head circumference and the related measure of intracranial volume.

Does skull shape affect intelligence?

So yes: On average, people with bigger heads tend to be more intelligent. (Great news for lollipop people.) Still, size alone doesn’t tell the whole story. Research also shows that intelligence is not a function of how hard the brain works… but of how efficiently it works.